Just as the names Shiva or Rudra are used to refer to Brahman, names such as Vayu, Aditya or Agni a… It is not only a major Upanishad but also considered one of the earliest, with its emphasis upon Shiva and in some respects with a subtle hint of devotional theism. Om poornamadah poornamidam I Poornaath poorna mudachyate I Poornasya poorna madaaya I Poorname vaava sishyate I Om shanti shanti shanti hi II Om, That is Full, This also is Full, From Fullness comes that Fullness, Taking Fullness from Fullness, Fullness Indeed Remains. The Best Quotes (A short introduction to the Svetasvatara Upanishad by Shankara) The Practice of Yoga. Mundaka Upanishad . Liberty Fund, Inc. All rights reserved. List of Upanishad Files at Digital Library of India (DLI is no more. The Svetasvatara Upanishad derives its name from the name of the sage who composed it. The word Upanishad (upa-ni-shad) consists of, "Upa" means "near;" "ni" means "down;" "shad" means "to sit." This Upanishad contains 113 mantras or verses in six chapters. This verse attributes this Upanishad to a sage called "Shvetashvatara" or to his line of ancient spiritual teachers. PDF Document Size: 137,389 Bytes. Also, at that time the Saguna Brahman, (God with attributes), used to be called by different names, each indicating a particular manifestation of Brahman. Svetasvatara Upanisad (Sanskrit Text, Roman Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, English Translation and Detailed Explanation) by Swami Tejomayananda. Every effort has been taken to translate the unique features of the printed book into the HTML medium. 3, Leipzig : F. A. Brockhaus, OCLC 459808660 Whilst exploring concepts of time, space, nature, power, deities, heavens, karma and … 3 Mantra 8 English translation: \"I know this great Person who is resplendent like the sun and is beyond darkness. REMARKS CONCERNING THE TRANSLATION ITS METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT, AN OUTLINE OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE UPANISHADS, CHAPTER I: THE PLACE OF THE UPANISHADS IN THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY, CHAPTER II: THE UPANISHADS AND THEIR PLACE IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY, CHAPTER III: FIRST ATTEMPTS AT THE CONCEPTION OF A UNITARY WORLD-GROUND, CHAPTER IV: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPTION OF BRAHMA, CHAPTER V: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPTION OF THE ATMAN AND ITS UNION WITH BRAHMA, CHAPTER VI: THE REALISTIC CONCEPTION OF THE ULTIMATE UNITY, AND THE DOCTRINE OF ILLUSION, CHAPTER VII: IDEALISM AND THE CONCEPTION OF PURE UNITY, CHAPTER VIII: THE OUTCOME ON RELIGION AND ON THE DOCTRINE OF KARMA, CHAPTER IX: THE OUTCOME ON PRACTICAL LIFE AND ON MORALS, CHAPTER X: THE ARTIFICIAL METHOD OF UNITY IN RENUNCIATION AND IN YOGA, The creation of the world, leading up to the institution of the horse-sacrifice, The superiority of breath among the bodily functions, Prayers to accompany an intelligent performance of the Chant, The creation of the manifold world from the unitary Soul, The threefold production of the world by Prajāpati as food for himself, One’s self identified with the sixteenfold Prajāpati, Breath, the unfailing power in a person: like the unwearying world-breath, wind, The entire actual world a threefold appearance of the unitary immortal Soul, Gārgya and Ajātaśatru’s progressive definition of Brahma as the world-source, entered in sleep, The conversation of Yājñavalkya and MaitreyÄ« concerning the pantheistic Soul, The co-relativity of all things cosmic and personal, and the absoluteness of the immanent Soul, Concerning sacrificial worship and its rewards, Where the offerers of the horse-sacrifice go, The theoretical unknowability of the immanent Brahma, The practical way of knowing Brahma—by asceticism, The regressus to Brahma, the ultimate world-ground, Wind, the string holding the world together; the immortal pantheistic Soul, the Inner Controller, The ultimate warp of the world—the unqualified Imperishable, Regressus of the numerous gods to the unitary Brahma, Eight different Persons and their corresponding divinities, Five directions in space, their regent gods, and their bases, The Soul, the Person taught in the Upanishads, King Janaka instructed by Yājñavalkya: six partial definitions of Brahma, Concerning the soul, its bodily and universal relations, The Real, etymologically and cosmologically explained, The individual person, pantheistically explained, Brahma as lightning, etymologically explained, The universal fire and the digestive fire, Life represented in the officiating priest and in the ruler, The mystical significance of the sacred GāyatrÄ« prayer, The characteristic excellence of six bodily functions, and the value of the knowledge thereof3, The contest of the bodily functions for superiority, and the supremacy of breath1, The course of the soul in its incarnations1, Incantation and ceremony for the attainment of a great wish1, Incantations and ceremonies for procreation, The tradition of teachers in the Vājasaneyi school, FIRST PRAPĀṬHAKA A Glorification of the Chanting of the Sāma-Veda1, The UdgÄ«tha identified with the sacred syllable ‘Om’, Various identifications of the UdgÄ«tha and of its syllables, ‘Om,’ superior to the three Vedas, the immortal refuge, The UdgÄ«tha identified with the sun and with breath, The cosmic and personal interrelations of the UdgÄ«tha, The UdgÄ«tha identified with the ultimate, i. e. space, The divinities connected with the three parts of the Chant, A satire on the performances of the priests (? P. Narayana Aiyar, B.A., B.L., High Court Vakil, Madura, writes as follows to Mr. J.M.Nallasvami Pillai, B.A., B.L., My dear friend, I read the first installment of your article on, "The Svetasvatara Upanishad" in the Madras Review for November 1900. The Upanishads were written by numerous anonymous authors at various times, from around 800 B.C.E. Credits. to well into the Current Era. It belongs to the Taittiriya school of the Yajurveda. Invocation . THE SVETASVATARA UPANISHAD (Vedanta, which means ‘the end of the Vedas’, refers to the ancient Hindu scriptures called the Upanishads. There are some 200 or more Upanishads. I am embarrassed to say, I cannot recall studying this. The Svetasvatara Upanishad with English Explanation from the madras review by J. M. Nallaswami Pillai, B.A., B.L. About The Book. It can be classified as a Shaiva Upanishad. In this Upanishad Siva or Rudra is declared to be the creator, preserver and destroyer of the world. May we, O worshipful gods, see with our eyes what is good! Ramakrishna Math. The Sacred Books of the East started off with the Max Müller translation of the Upanishads; complete extexts of these key works are available here. Sign up for sacred-texts updates by email. How is Saturn transit in Makara / Capricorn for you . Copyright ©2003 – 2020, It presents a mixture of Vedanta, Sankhya and Yoga tenets. Svetasvatara Upanishad. PDF Document Size: 221,291 Bytes. 2. A person who owns a white horse is called "Shvetashva" and one who owns a white mule can be called "Shvetashvatara". Peace! Peace! SVETASVATARA UPANISHAD 1 . Svetasvatara Upanishad. Title: Svetasvatara Upanishad Author: Swami Tyagisananda Created Date: 5/11/2011 4:03:40 PM May we, O gods, hear with our ears what is auspicious! Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 2 Invocation to Savitr (The Sun) and Practice of Yoga; Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 1Speculation about the First Cause; Prasna Upanishad in PDF format; Prasna Upanishad (Part-6)-Where to look for the Cosmic Person; Prasna Upanishad (Part-5)- Why meditate on AUM; Prasna Upanishad (Part-4)-Who in man sleeps, dreams, and keeps awake ; Prasna Upanishad … Ram Sharma Acharya, Gayatri Parivar. Namaste The Svetasvatara Upanishad reveals Rudra as the Brahman. Definitions of Svetasvatara_Upanishad, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Svetasvatara_Upanishad, analogical dictionary of Svetasvatara_Upanishad (English) meditation on the deities) produces more powerful fruit. German translation of Svetasvatara Upanishad: Die Śvetāśvatara-Upaniṣad, eine kritische Ausgabe, mit einer Uebersetzung und einer Uebersicht über ihre Lehren von Richard Hauschild, AKM Bd. It is associated with the Krishna Yajurveda. May we, strong in limbs and body, sing your praise and enjoy the life allotted to us by Prajapati! German translation of Svetasvatara Upanishad: Die Śvetāśvatara-Upaniṣad, eine kritische Ausgabe, mit einer Uebersetzung und einer Uebersicht über ihre Lehren von Richard Hauschild, AKM Bd. Om Peace, Peace, Peace. ), The mystical meaning of certain sounds in the Chant, SECOND PRAPĀṬHAKA The significance of the Chant in various forms, The mystical significance of the number of syllables in the parts of a sevenfold Chant, The analogical bases of the ten species of the fivefold Chant, Seven different modes of singing the chant, characteristic of different gods, The various sounds in the chant under the protection of different gods, The syllable ‘Om,’ the acme of the cosmogony, Earth, atmosphere, and sky the reward for performers of the morning, noon, and evening oblations, THIRD PRAPĀṬHAKA Brahma as the sun of the world-all, The sun as the honey extracted from all the Vedas, The knower of the cosmic significance of the sacred scriptures advances to the world-sun, Brahma, The GāyatrÄ« meter as a symbol of all that is, The five door-keepers of the heavenly world, The individual soul identical with the infinite Brahma, The universe as a treasure-chest and refuge, A person’s entire life symbolically a Soma-sacrifice, The fourfold Brahma in the individual and in the world, FOURTH PRAPĀṬHAKA Conversational instructions, The story of Jānaśruti and Raikva: wind and breath as snatchers-unto-themselves, Satyakāma instructed concerning four quarters of Brahma, The same person in the sun, the moon, and lightning as in fire and other objects, The Brahman priest properly silent at the sacrifice, How the Brahman priest rectifies mistakes in the sacrificial ritual, FIFTH PRAPĀṬHAKA Concerning breath, the soul, and the Universal Soul, The rivalry of the five bodily functions, and the superiority of breath, The ‘mixed potion’ incantation for the attainment of greatness, The course of the soul in its reincarnations, The mystical Agnihotra sacrifice to the Universal Soul in one’s own self, SIXTH PRAPĀṬHAKA The instruction of Śvetaketu by Uddālaka concerning the key to all knowledge, The threefold development of the elements and of man from the primary unitary Being, Concerning sleep, hunger and thirst, and dying, The unitary World-Soul, the immanent reality of all things and of man, SEVENTH PRAPĀṬHAKA The instruction of Nārada by Sanatkumāra, Progressive worship of Brahma up to the Universal Soul, EIGHTH PRAPĀṬHAKA Concerning the nature of the soul, The universal real Soul, within the heart and in the world, The true way to the Brahma-world, through a life of abstinent religious study, Passing out from the heart through the sun to immortality, The progressive instruction of Indra by Prajāpati concerning the real self, The exultation and prayer of a glorious learner, FIRST VALLĪ (Śikshā VallÄ«, ‘Chapter concerning Instruction’), A departing person’s attainment with the four Utterances, The fivefoldness of the world and of the individual, Glorification of the sacred word ‘Om’, Study of the sacred word the most important of all duties, The excellence of Veda-knowledge—a meditation, Invocation, adoration, and acknowledgment, SECOND VALLĪ (Brahmānanda VallÄ«, ‘Bliss-of-Brahma Chapter’), The all-comprehensive Brahma of the world and of the individual; knowledge thereof the supreme success, The course of evolution from the primal Ātman through the five elements to the human person, Food the supporting, yet consuming, substance of all life; a phase of Brahma, Breath, the life of all living beings; a phase of Brahma, The person in the sphere of formative faculty, Beyond the formative faculty an inexpressible, fearless bliss, The person in the sphere of understanding, Understanding, all-directing; a saving and satisfying phase of Brahma, Assimilation either to the original or to the derivative Brahma which one knows. Svetasvatara Upanishad also overcomes the dualism of Purusha and Prakriti of the Sankhya philosophy. It is listed as number 14 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. Swami Satyamayananda continues Chapter 3 with Mantra 5, 6, and the start of 7. (Translated by F. Max Müller.) This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book. Svetasvatara-upanishad (English to English translation). It gets its name from Rishi Svetasvatara who taught the truth contained in it to his disciples. From this feature one might assume it was a Shaiva Upanishad, but such an assumption would be incorrect because, at the time of this Upanishad, Shaiva Agamas were not there. Use the list to search titles on archive.org.) 17, No. This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. We also have an in … Ch. This edition contains a dozen of the most important Upanishads, which are fundamental texts of Hinduism. By knowing Him alone one transcends death; there is no other path to go by.\"\"This greater than the greatest, smaller than the smallest, this Reality is hidden within all beings in the cave of their heart.\" -- Swami Satyamayananda This is, verily, the detailed explanation of the syllable Om. Translate Svetasvatara-upanishad to English online and download now our free translation software to use at any time. Credits. Click here to know more The Thirteen Principal Upanishads, translated from the Sanskrit with an outline of the philosophy of the Upanishads and an annotated bibliography, by Robert Ernest Hume (Oxford University Press, 1921). Om. Query: Who reaches the Brahma-world of bliss? English Tanslation Of Svetasvatara Upanishad | consciouslivingfoundation.org. Svetasvatara Upanisad, an important text on Vedanta starts with a discussion on the original cause of creation. Finally, he presents what is necessary to know in the final state of liberation, or moksha. Chapter II − Meditation on Om as the Prana 1 When the gods and the demons, both offspring of Prajapati, fought with each other, the It belongs to Krsnayajurveda. PRAYER . It says that pradhana or nature is not an independent entity but belongs to the self of the divine, devatma-sakti.God is the mayin, the maker of the world, which is maya or made by Him. This text-based PDF or EBook was created from the HTML version of this book and is part of the Portable Library of Liberty. Description . This Upanishad belongs to the Krishna-Yajurveda. English Tanslation Of Chhandogya Upanishad | consciouslivingfoundation.org. I noticed Amazon has a copies for sale by Swami Thyagisananda. It states Rudra is One and there is no place for a second. The name "Shvetashvatara" is not uncommon in Vedic literature. Source: "The Upanishads - A New Translation" by Swami Nikhilananda. The gradation up to the supersensible Person, The method of Yoga, suppressive of the lower activity, The Soul incomprehensible except as existent, A renunciation of all desires and attachments the condition of immortality, The passage of the soul from the body to immortality—or elsewhere, This teaching, the means of attaining Brahma and immortality, Recognition of the unity underlying the diversity of the world, Non-attachment of deeds on the person of a renouncer, The forbidding future for slayers of the Self, The all-surpassing, paradoxical world-being, Transcending, while involving, the antithesis of knowing, The inadequacy of any antithesis of being, Becoming and destruction a fundamental duality, FIRST MUṆḌAKA Preparation for the knowledge of Brahma, The line of tradition of this knowledge from Brahmā himself, Śaunaka’s quest for the clue to an understanding of the world, Two kinds of knowledge: the traditions of religion, and the knowledge of the eternal, All the ceremonies of religion scrupulously to be practised, Sacrificial forms ineffective against rebirth, But unstriving, retiring knowers, without sacrifice, reach the eternal Person, This knowledge of Brahma to be sought properly from a qualified teacher, SECOND MUṆḌAKA The Doctrine of Brahma-Ātman, The Imperishable, the source and the goal of all beings, The source of the human person and of the cosmic elements, The source of the world and of the individual, The source of the world—the Inner Soul of things, The pantheistic Person found in the heart, A target to be penetrated by meditation on ‘Om’, The immortal Soul, the one warp of the world and of the individual, Recognition of the Great Companion, the supreme salvation, Delight in the Soul, the life of all things, Obtainable by contemplation, purified from sense, The Soul (Ātman) known only by revelation to His own elect, Certain indispensable conditions, pre-eminently knowledge, In tranquil union with the Soul of all is liberation from death and from all distinctions of individuality, The rewards and the requisite conditions of this knowledge of Brahma, Six questioners seek the highest Brahma from a teacher, Question: Concerning the source of creatures on earth, The Lord of Creation created matter and life for dual parentage of creatures, Matter identified with every form of existence, The sun, identified with the life of creatures, The year identified with the Lord of Creation; the two paths: of reincarnation and of non-reincarnation, Two old Vedic interpretations of the year, The twofold month, identified with the Lord of Creation; to be properly observed in sacrifice, Day and night, identified with the Lord of Creation; to be properly observed in procreation, Concerning the several personal powers and their chiefest, [a] and [b] The supporting and illumining powers, Six questions concerning a person’s life, [c] Its establishment and distribution in the body, [e and f] Its cosmic and personal relations6, One’s thinking determines life and destiny, Concerning sleep and the ultimate basis of things, [a] All sense-functions unified in the mind during sleep, [b] The five life-functions, like sacrificial fires, slumber not, [c] The universal mind, the beholder of dreams, [d] The brilliant happiness of dreamless sleep, in the mind’s non-action, [e] The Supreme Soul the ultimate basis of the manifold world and of the individual, Concerning the value of meditation on ‘Om’, Partial or complete comprehension of ‘Om’ and of Brahma affords temporary or final cessation of rebirth, Concerning the Person with sixteen parts1. Degrees of perception of the Soul (Ātman). knowledge, faith and the Upanishad (i.e. He also discusses the formless nature of the soul that is not constrained within time, space, or causation. 1. English translation of. Svetasvatara Upanishad . He discusses the triad of God, Nature, and individual souls. The Shvetashvatara Upanishad figures as number in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. The sages, absorbed in meditation through one-pointedness of mind, discovered the [creative] power, belonging to the Lord Himself and hidden in its own gunas. This version has been converted from the original text. Send a note to sanskrit@cheerful.com if you are willing to participate. I am glad to find that in the midst of your office work you are able to spare time for your beloved subject. 1. Svetasvatara Upanisad (Sanskrit Text, Roman Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, English Translation and Detailed Explanation) by Swami Tejomayananda Paperback (Edition: 2013) The Upanishad contains 113 mantras or verses in six chapters. There are passages in this Upanishad which are allied in thought to Dvaita (dualism) Visistadvaita (qualified non-dualism) Advaita (non-dualism) and other branches of Vedanta. 3, Leipzig : F. A. Brockhaus, OCLC 459808660 3 Mantra 7 English translation: "They become immortal by knowing that God who is higher than that, who is superior to Hiranyagarbha, who is … ePub standard file for your iPad or any e-reader compatible with that format. English translation of. LibriVox recording of Svetasvatara Upanishad by Unknown. Svetasvatara Upanishad, upanishat. 17, No. 0.540 $ The Svetasvataropanishad is a short Upanishad consisting of only 113 Mantras (Sacred Verses) divided into six chapters. This theme of Eka Deva (one God) – eternal, all pervading and forging the world with his heat – in Svetasvatara Upanishad, is common in more ancient Sanskrit texts such as Rigveda's hymns 10.72.2 and 10.81.3, Taittiriya Samhita 4.6.2.4, Taittiriya Aranyaka 10.1.3, White Yajur Veda's Vajasaneyi Samhita 17.19, Atharva Veda 13.2.26 and others. All plurality and antitheses of existence developed from an original and still immanent unity, The original self-developing non-existence, the essence of existence and the sole basis of fearless bliss, The gradation of blisses up to the bliss of Brahma2, The knower of the unity of the human person with the personality in the world reaches the blissful sphere of self-existence, The knower of the bliss of Brahma is saved from all fear and from all moral self-reproach, THIRD VALLĪ (Bhṛigu VallÄ«, ‘Chapter concerning Bhṛigu’), Bhṛigu’s progressive learning through austerity of five phases of Brahma, The reciprocal relations of food, supporting and supported, illustrated; the importance of such knowledge, The worshiper thereof appropriates the object of his worship, The knower of the unity of the human person with the personality in the world attains unhampered desire, A mystical rapture of the knower of the universal unity, The creation of the four worlds, of the cosmic person, and of cosmic powers by the primeval Self, The ingredience of the cosmic powers in the human person, The creation of food of fleeting material form, and the inability of various personal functions to obtain it, The mystic name of the sole self-existent Self, FIRST ADHYĀYA The course of reincarnation, and its termination through metaphysical knowledge2, Citra and Śvetaketu concerning the path to the conclusion of reincarnation, The testing at the moon; thence either return to earth, or further progress, The knower’s triumphal progress through the Brahma-world, Approaching unto the very throne of Brahma, Essential identity with the infinite Real, Apprehension of It through the Sacred Word and through all the functions of a person; the knower’s universal possession, SECOND ADHYĀYA The doctrine of Prāṇa, together with certain ceremonies, Identity with Brahma; its value in service and security to oneself, Daily adoration of the sun for the removal of sin, Regular adoration of the new moon for prosperity, A prayer in connection with wife and children, A returning father’s affectionate greeting to his son1, The manifestation of the permanent Brahma in evanescent phenomena, (b) An individual’s powers revertible into breath, The contest of the bodily powers for supremacy; the ultimate goal, A dying father’s bequest of his various powers to his son5, THIRD ADHYĀYA Doctrine of Prāṇa (the Breathing Spirit), Knowledge of Indra, the greatest possible boon to men, The unity of an individual’s functions or special prāṇas, The really vitalizing and unifying ‘vital breath,’ the breathing spirit or conscious self, The ‘All-obtaining’ in Prāṇa through the vital breaths, The correlation of the individual’s functions with the facts of existence, The supremacy of consciousness in all the functions and facts of existence, The indispensableness of consciousness for all facts and experience, The subject of all knowledge, the paramount object of knowledge, The absolute correlativity of knowing and being, A person’s ethical irresponsibility, his very self being identical with the world-all, FOURTH ADHYĀYA A progressive definition of Brahma2, Bālāki’s offer of instruction concerning Brahma, Clue-words of the subsequent conversation, Bālāki’s and Ajātaśatru’s progressive determination of Brahma, The universal creator in the covert of the heart, The ultimate unity in the self—creative, pervasive, supreme, universal, The all-conditioning, yet inscrutable agent, Brahma, Allegory of the Vedic gods’ ignorance of Brahma, Knowledge of Brahma, the ground of superiority, Brahma in cosmic and in individual phenomena, Concluding practical instruction and benefits, Warning on the neglect of a Brahman guest, Naciketas’s first wish: return to an appeased father on earth, Naciketas’s second wish: an understanding of the Naciketas sacrificial fire that leads to heaven, Naciketas’s third wish: knowledge concerning the effect of dying, This knowledge preferable to the greatest earthly pleasures, The failure of pleasure and of ignorance; the wisdom of the better knowledge, The need for a competent teacher of the soul, Steadfast renunciation and self-meditation required, The Soul revealed to the unstriving elect, Parable of the individual soul in a chariot, Intelligent control of the soul’s chariot needed to arrive beyond transmigration, The order of progression to the supreme Person, The subtle perception of the all-pervading Soul, Exhortation to the way of liberation from death, The immortal Soul not to be sought through outward senses, Yet the agent in all the senses, in sleeping and in waking, The universal Soul (Ātman), identical with the individual and with all creation, Failure to comprehend the essential unity of being regarded as the cause of reincarnation, The result of seeing multiplicity or else pure unity, The real Soul of the individual and of the world, The appropriate embodiment of the transmigrating soul, One’s real person, the same as the world-ground, The unitary world-soul, immanent yet transcendent, The indescribable bliss of recognizing the world-soul in one’s own soul. Ch. Hindi translation of 108 upanishads by Pt. Thus, Upanishad is to sit down near the teacher to discuss, learn, practice, and experience. Chhandogya Upanishad by. The Supreme God is called by various names such as Shiva, Rudra, etc. Now Shipping! The original English translation of the Svetasvatara Upanishad by Jayaram V with explanatory notes, Chapter 4 3 Mantra 7 English translation: \"They become immortal by knowing that God who is higher than that, who is superior to Hiranyagarbha, who is great, who is hidden in all beings according to their forms, and who is the one all-encompassing Entity of the universe.\"Ch. Om. 1 Aitareya Upanishad 2 Aksha-Malika Upanishad – about rosary beads 3 Atma-Bodha Upanishad 4 Bahvricha Upanishad 5 Kaushitaki-Brahmana Upanishad 6 Mudgala Upanishad 7 Nada-Bindu Upanishad 8 Nirvana Upanishad 9 Saubhagya-Lakshmi Upanishad 10 Tripura Upanishad From the Shukla Yajurveda 11 Adhyatma Upanishad 12 Advaya-Taraka Upanishad The Sacred Texts DVD-ROM 9.0: own the wisdom of the ages! Read in English by Jothi Tharavant. The mystic symbolism of the word ‘Om’: (a) identified with the fourfold, pantheistic time-Brahma, (b) representing in its phonetic elements the four states of the Self, The saving knowledge of the one inclusive Brahma, Made manifest like latent fire, by the exercise of meditation, Invocation to the god of inspiration for inspiration and self-control2, Spiritual significance of the sacrificial worship, Prayers from the Scriptures unto Rudra for favor4, Knowing the One Supreme Person overcomes death, The cosmic Person with human and superhuman powers, The ignorant soul in the illusion of a manifold universe, The saving knowledge of the one, kindly, immanent supreme God of the universe, Brahma, the One God of the manifold world, Liberation through knowledge of the One God, The One God, Creator and Lord, in and over the world, The conditions for receiving this knowledge, Meditation upon the Soul (Ātman), the essence and the true completion of religious sacrifice, The ascetic king Bṛihadratha, being offered a boon, chooses knowledge of the Soul (Ātman), Pessimistically he rejects evanescent earthly desires, and craves only liberation from reincarnate existence, Śākāyanya’s instruction concerning the Soul (Ātman)1, The Soul—a self-luminous, soaring being, separable from the body, identical with Brahma, The unqualified Soul, the driver of the unintelligent bodily vehicle, Every intelligent person a partial individuation of the supersensuous, self-limiting Person, The primeval Person progressively differentiated himself into [a] inanimate beings, [b] the five physiological functions, [c] the human person, [d] a person’s functions, But the Soul itself is non-active, unqualified, abiding, The great Soul, and the individual, suffering, transmigrating soul, The soul that is subject to elements and qualities, confused and self-conceited, suffers and transmigrates, The inner Person remains unaffected in the elemental soul’s transformations, The overcoming and transforming effects of the dark and of the passionate qualities, The rule for the elemental soul’s complete union with the Soul at death, The miserable condition of the individual Soul, The antidote: study of the Veda, performance of one’s own duty, and austerity, Knowledge of Brahma, austerity, and meditation: the means of union with the Soul, Worship of the various popular gods is permissible and rewarding, but temporary and inferior, The progressive differentiation of the Supreme Soul, Two correlated manifestations of the Soul: inwardly the breathing spirit, and outwardly the sun, The inner Soul identified with the Soul in space, which is localized in the sun, The light of the sun, as a form of Brahma, represented by the mystic syllable ‘Om’, Various triads of the forms of the Soul, worshiped by the use of the threefold ‘Om’, Worship of the world and the Soul by the use of the original three world-creating Utterances, Worship of the Soul (Ātman) in the form of the sun by the use of the SāvitrÄ« Prayer1, Etymological significance of the names of the cosmic manifestations of the Soul, The Soul (Ātman) the agent in a person’s various functions, The Soul (Ātman), the subject in all objective knowledge; but itself, as unitary, never an object of knowledge, The Soul (Ātman) identical with various gods and powers, The liturgy for making the eating of food an oblation unto the Soul in one’s own breath, Applications of the principle of food (according to the Sāṅkhya doctrine), The renouncer of objects of sense the true ascetic, Food, as the life, source, goal, and desire of all, to be reverenced as the highest form of the Soul (Ātman), The infinite Brahma—the eternal, unitary Soul (Ātman) of the world and of the individual, The Yoga method for attaining this pure unity, Withdrawal from sense-objects into absence of all thought, The selfless, liberated, joyous vision of the Self (Ātman), The Yoga method of attaining to non-experiencing selflessness and to ultimate unity, Reaching the higher, non-sound Brahma by meditation on the sound ‘Om’, Piercing, in abstract meditation, through darkness to the shining, immortal, Brahma, The vision of the brilliant Soul in the perfect unity of Yoga, In the sacrifice of suppressed breath in Yoga the light of the world-source becomes visible, The light of the Brahma hidden in the body, made fully manifest and entered into in Yoga, Entrance into the hall of Brahma after slaying the door-keeper, self-consciousness, Conclusion of the instruction on Brahma-knowledge and on Yoga, Liberation into the real Brahma by relinquishment of all desires, mental activity, and self-consciousness, Śākāyanya’s final course upward through the sun to Brahma, The evidences of the Soul in the senses and in the mind, The mystical significance of the three fires in the religious sacrifice4, One’s own digestion to be attended to, as a compend of cosmic sacrificial fires, The Self intended in religious sacrifices and verses, Liberation in the control of one’s thoughts, Both sacrifice and meditative knowledge needed, Brahma, transcending all fragmentary manifestations, the supreme object of worship, Transitory worshipers of the gods, and terminating knowers of real unity, Sacrifice to the two forms of Brahma, in space and in one’s own self, The Inner Soul in the material world furnishes the individual’s and the sun’s existence, The offering of food passes through fire to the sun and back into life, The course to the ultimate Brahma even here in the body, The Soul (Ātman) as the world-sun, and its rays4, The one unlimited Soul (Ātman) of the whole world, Warnings against the disorderly and against false teachers, Warning against ignorance and perverted doctrine, Warning against devilish, false, non-Vedic doctrine, The bright Brahma in the heart, stirred into all-pervading manifestation by meditation on ‘Om’, The persons in the eyes, and their abode in the heart, The utterance of the various sounds of the alphabet, produced by breath started from the mind, The larger self found in the superconscious; but a purposeful duality in the Self, A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE UPANISHADS SELECTED, CLASSIFIED, AND ANNOTATED, 3.: TRANSLATIONS OF SELECTIONS FROM THE UPANISHADS, 4.: TRANSLATIONS, WITH TEXT, OF COLLECTED UPANISHADS, 5.: TRANSLATIONS, WITH TEXT, OF SINGLE UPANISHADS, 6.: TEXT-EDITIONS OF COLLECTED UPANISHADS. 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